Coffee and its History
This article mainly deals with black coffee (without milk or cream). Which is very low in calories.
If you want to be precise coffee really isn’t a bean. It’s rather the seed of a fruit. The shell of the seed is called cherry because of its looks. But that also isn’t the perfect definition, the coffee bean, in reality, is a pit (stone). The misconception of coffee being a bean comes from the format which coffee gets harvested. Like with many other things people judge with their eyes. I can give you one more example for this. Many people judge food by its look, sentences like „you eat with your eyes“ reached our society long ago. But the truth is the food may look unappetizing and it’s your right to not eat it. But you still can´t taste the food with your eyes and I think in the near future no one will. Just one thought that crossed my mind the past days. Sure it can influence your senses for the taste and the perception of it. But it is not the main indicator of taste.
There is no clear evidence, but the rumor exists that coffee was discovered in Ethiopia. It also exists a rumor that the farmer called Kaldi back in the days went out with his goat as usually. But he noticed after they went to a tree eating some berries his goats became more energetic kinda like hyperactive. The farmer then later told the head at the monastery and his monks the story.
The first real coffee trades started in Arabic in the 16th century at the Arabic peninsula. They didn´t drink coffee only at home like other beverages. Coffee got in this time also its nickname “wine of Araby”. They had coffee houses where they could enjoy their time and drink some coffee in addition to the entertainment. Coffee houses became locations for all kind of social activities. Coffee has the same effects today as, in its early days, coffee is a socializer. It’s a great tool to keep up social connections and make new ones. With the time (around the 17th century) also countries in Europe jumped on the hype train. Countries like Germany, France, Holland and England brought the coffee culture to Europe.
Around the 17th century, you could say that London was the main city where the coffee hype was exploding. There were around 300 so-called “penny universities” which sold coffee for a penny. Other than coffee they also sold chocolate and tea. Coffee replaced beer and wine as the main breakfast beverages. The quality and quantity performance of work improved compared to beer and wine.
At the age of enlightenment, coffee gained its popularity. At that age, coffee was also imported to America to “New Amsterdam” later renamed new york by the British. 1723
Travelers (that most likely visited arabica) introduced the beverage at mid-1700 to the British population.
Coffee is the morning beverage of choice to wake up and kickstart the day. Since the age of the enlightenment, back then people drink beer and wine at breakfast. (Any thoughts why it was such a depressive age? maybe it was the fault of drinking wine at breakfast as a standard beverage?) Caffeine has the positive effects of delivering a focus and keeping the people awake. That helped to form this new mindset of the hard worker “The Hustler. because I can´t believe you were changing something in the world neither you were happy if you drunk everyday wine at breakfast.
What is caffeine
Caffeine is a toxin which is produced by the plant to protect the plant against insects. Caffeine is also a hunger suppressor which helps you to lose weight. Another positive effect of coffee is the raising of the metabolism. Those 2 effects make it perfect for losing weight.
Adenosine can be suppressed by caffeine as it´s similar build , it replaces the usage of the bodys own adenosine with the consumed caffeine. Caffeine allows the brain to enjoy more dopamine effects, which are basically all the good ones. You’re awake and motivated. A more recent study found that drinking two or more cups daily cuts of the risk of chronic liver disease in half.
Caffeine is a stimulant in Coffee which can help at decision making.
But don´t forget with coffee its like with any other drug if you take excessive amounts and become greedy to get the effect you desire will become every time more difficult. It’s like with cocaine. That maybe hits like a punch from Tyson, but logically both caffeine and cocaine creates more of the neurohormone dopamine. But
that´s only one of the few similarities of the intoxicating effect of this two psychoactive substances .
2-4 cups of coffee a day is the average amount people around the world consume. But that’s just the average, many people drink more likely 6 cups or more. I would say be aware of if there occur any changes in your behavior after 6 cups if you already drink this much. Some people tolerate coffee and it´s stimulants better than others.
Through a cortisol up caffeine doesn’t have a significant impact on your awake state.
The aromas of the coffee come from its oil. Coffee contains 99% water and 1% other substances.
You need around 50 beans for one espresso and if only 1-10% of this are bad beans it can mess up the whole espresso.
There are up to about 2000 chemical substances in coffee.
Caffeine and its effects stay around 4-10 hours in your system.
Coffee benefits and effects
Caffeine is also a hunger suppressor which helps you lose weight. Another positive effect of coffee is the raising of the metabolism. Those 2 effects make it perfect for losing weight.
It can regulate your blood sugar levels through the potassium and magnesium which supports your body with the insulin usage. It also has anti-aging and antioxidant effects.
Coffee can be a real workout elixir. Around 1 hour before the workout would be the best time to drink a cup. It reliefs muscle pain up to 50% which can let you go harder in the workouts. Also, it boosts your adrenaline (epinephrine). Adrenaline is your body’s survival hormone which helps you to prepare for physical effort. Coffee boosts your physical performance. Have a cup of black coffee about an hour before workout and your performance can improve by 10-12%.
There are a lot of benefits for competitive sports when drinking coffee. In any sport, your focus and power are improved by coffee which makes it interesting for sports like American football.
Studies exist where scientists found out that after giving volunteers a dosage of caffeine first thing in the morning. The volunteers had increased vigilance, vigor, energy, anger, efficiency and reaction time.
Parkinson risk lowered by up to 60% it isn´t absolutely clear why the risk and even the effect can be hindered a bit. Some people think it´s the dopamine which helps the body to stay more focused and tense.
Studies show that risk to commit suicide can decrease by up to 50% when drinking more than 2 cups of coffee a day, but the trustworthy of the study isn´t fully clear.
Caffeine can increase your blood pressure it depends on your health and general blood pressure if that is a good or bad thing or doesn´t matter. I would definitely keep an eye on my data if I already had high blood pressure.
Coffee contains substances that relax smooth muscle tissue, allowing your heart to beat faster and more efficiently. So your blood is flowing faster and in greater volume, and it contains more muscle fuel.
Caffeine is also a helpful tool for your cardiovascular system.
The adrenaline which gets distributed by the consumption of the coffee can help you at boosting energy for certain activities so you can drink coffee before working out to enhance your performance. One hour before workout is the perfect time to consume coffee. It takes around 15-45 minutes for the coffee and its effects to be absorbed in the stomach.
Coffee negative aspects
Coffee is an addictive psychoactive substance it can lead to anxiety, jittery and panic attacks.
Decaffeinated coffee often got added chemicals to get rid of the caffeine. But there is still some caffeine content even if it got decaffeinated.
Unfiltered coffee has a compound called cafestol which can increase your body’s cholesterol levels. But It´s possible to get rid of this cafestol, filtering the coffee with a simple paper filter.
Coffee is one of the most pesticide infested plants on the planet. You can buy traditional coffee produced from countries like Yemen and Ethiopia to prevent those chemically influenced farming methods. That isn’t necessary at all, you should be able no matter where you live to buy some pesticide-free coffee. But also be aware many pits (beans) were cultivated with chemicals.
Too much coffee can decrease the fetal growth of the baby in the women body. It can also increase chances for dysfunctional of the baby. One cup of coffee a day should still be ok.
The economics of coffee are built on for the coffee production well-known countries, like
Jamaica, Tanzania, Columbia, Brazil, Kenya, Vietnam, and Yemen have known coffee producing countries. Brazil has the highest amount arabica and Vietnam the highest amount of robusta coffee in the world. This variety of coffee producing countries and the market have an influence on the coffee price.
So through industrialization, there is a big coffee market.
The coffee market is worth around 100 billion dollars. As usual, the winners aren’t the farmers in poorer infrastructure countries. The winners are the companies selling the cheaply produced products in more modern countries. At least that still helps to build the infrastructure of such countries as Ecuador, Colombia, and Brazil. A known Strategy of western companies is to sell small cups of arabica coffee to high prices. As for the general coffee user he can drink more arabica then robusta through the lower caffeine content in arabica.
Nestle is the world’s biggest player in the coffee market. They make estimated around 40% of the whole industry. But is that even fair? Because the thing is marketing is a lot about storytelling but nestle doesn’t have a story they even don’t know their raw material producers , they just know the prices. That’s poor marketing what Nestle does on the story point. It rather focuses on the customer inland marketing and designs. But what should we expect from such a profit-hungry multi-industry concern? We talked earlier on about pesticides imagine which companies could use such unethical methods to strengthen the resistance and better the growth speed and cut down whole forests for the sake of money.
How you can protect you from this you may wonder? Well, try to get your hands on Organic Coffee. It has the advantage that it’s tested and monitored by multiple institutions which are unlikely to be corrupt.
Brazil is the biggest producer of coffee. One time farmers in brazil burned down an estimated total of 78million sacks of coffee beans to stop the price drop. Coffee is like any other commodity market a result of supply and demand. But the problem is its supply isn’t in relation to the demand. That means it often gets overproduced in huge amounts.
Also be aware of that for many farmers coffee is a cash crop that can help them out of poverty. Another option for them would be to farm coca leaves which are chewed in some cultures often mixed with lime. Those coca leaves also have other uses which we don’t have to explain further here. (But if you still want to know shortly they are used to create cocaine hydrochloride which needs to be „ washed“ with acetone
And you have your end product.
So as you buy Fairtrade products you most likely give those farmers an opportunity in life to not deal with that kind of peoples.
It’s pretty weird when you look at wall street its like with most things they trade with imaginations. At wall street are traded 5 times more coffee beans in worth than even exist.
The largest coffee buyer around the world is the united states. But only one state in America is in the “coffee belt”, that’s Hawaii.
Be aware that FairTrade doesn’t mean that the coffee was harvested without added chemicals it just means that the farmer gets paid ethically right for his work. Do Fairtrade products stay behind what they say? Sure, many do I would say. But if all do, I can’t say. I think it’s up to the Fairtrade Commission to regulate everything write. In the past years, there were some critics of bad decision making at regulations from a fairly lot of people.
Robusta or arabica
Robusta has a higher yield compared to arabica it also grows higher. Compared to arabica, Robusta also needs a higher temperature. 18-36 degrees is averagely needed for a plant from the robusta type. 15-24 degrees is needed for the arabica to grow properly. There is also a difference in the taste of the two. Robusta is often described as more bitter than arabica as its caffeine content is up to 3 times higher. This higher caffeine also helps with protection against insects. Robusta is also pretty good protected against CLR (coffee leaf rust) through its high resistance.
If we look at the shape of the two “beans” they have different looks robusta look smaller and rounder where arabica has a bigger oval, egg-shaped look. Brands like Starbucks made arabica really popular in America.As the caffeine is lower in arabica coffee compared to robusta it can have a positive influence on the passion for drinking coffee as your body does not feel it has enough caffeine.
Indonesia was the first country that began introducing robusta as a commercial crop. Where arabica is native to central Ethiopia. In the 16th century, coffee was known and grown around the Arabian Peninsula area. soon it was known in many oriental countries like Turkey, Syria and Yemen.
As the caffeine is lower in arabica coffee compared to robusta it can have a positive influence on the passion for drinking coffee as your body does not feel it has enough caffeine.
Arabica coffee makes about 60 % of the coffee industry. It would be higher if its resistance against diseases would be stronger. Like the resistance
Tea vs coffee
Tea is the most widely-consumed beverage in the world next to water, coffee is also hugely popular after beer and other beverages. The discovery of tea was many centuries before that of coffee if we believe that Kaldi the goat farmer was the first human being discovering coffee. But the important thing is that both beverages have been around for a long time. That means humans collected some good knowledge about tea and coffee.
According to a legend, tea was first discovered by the Emperor of China in 2737 BC while he was boiling water under a tree. When leaves accidentally fell into the boiling water, he tasted it and was surprised by its goodness. Tea then became popular among scholars and priests in China and Japan, who drank tea to stay awake, study, and meditate. This is perhaps why the hot drink has always been associated with wisdom, calm, spirituality, and solid health. To be fair both stories of the discovery sound a bit funny and there is no clear evidence that proves them.
Both beverages get extracted through different commodities. Coffee gets extracted from the “beans”. The tea that is consumed around the world comes from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis. The two most consumed forms are green tea and black tea. It´s difficult to compare tea and coffee. Because the companies that produce the product determine the quality and nutritional value of the product. If you are just after the caffeine then coffee should be your beverage of choice. As coffee contains around 2-4 times more coffee than tea. Also, black tea contains usually more caffeine than green tea but that doesn´t mean that green tea has next to no caffeine. It still can contain similar amounts of caffeine as black tea as it comes from the same plant.