Hey, time for a tea session? Lately, I enjoy the consumption of various teas. After switching from a soft drink full youth to only water and losing a lot of weight two years ago. I started gaining interest in coffee it seemed like it fits my lifestyle pretty well with the benefits of hunger suppressing and its uplifting effect. Some of you know may know coffee as this hustler drink or worker drink in modern society. That was probably the biggest reason for my interest in coffee, helping me fighting my sleep. Because I wanted to do more throughout the day. Which turned out to be not that healthy. What about you any unordinary reason for not drinking coffee?
I personally just like it when the days are longer and more things can be done. But our topic of the article is tea, not coffee, so you probably think your cups probably empty till you reach the actual tea content part. So better get another cup because there is good reason for doing so.
Through the time , consuming those various beverages I noticed different characteristics that not only I , but other people also associate with drinks. For example, coffee is the workers drink of modern society as stated above it´s kind of the alarm clock of life for many. Soft beverages like cola get linked with many diseases, so they are seen as unhealthy from many but also well tasting and seem to be consumed by most part of society. Water is like the natures go to drink people associate with health many people that want to live healthier or lose weight start to drink water only as an example.
Last but not least people often associate tea with wisdom, calmness and positivity. So could there be more, to tea could tee even be the wiser brother of coffee for our hustler friends?
People in modern society began to learn more about tea and some advantages over coffee with no downsides. Tea is also a socializer like coffee, take tea partys for example. It’s, as usual, to say let’s drink a coffee then it is to say let’s drink tea.
Origin of tea
The history of tea goes back to the ancient China destiny 2737BC. The saga says that the Emperor of China Shen Nung walked around and was boiling water, in his “garden” probably more like an estate. In his hand he had a boil and leaves from a tree fall into the bowl. The Emperor enjoyed drinking the infused water so much that he was compelled to research the plant further. The Emperor discovered the medicinal benefits during his research.
Tea Main content
Straight up you reached the main content part of the article . Tea is the 6th most consumed drink in the United States. That sounds a bit disappointing if we compare it to the fact that tea is the second-most popular beverage in the world. Guess which drink sits on the throne? Yep, the good old water. That means that tea is more popular than coffee around the world. So you with me? If I say, tea deserves more credit. The biggest consumers of tea around the globe are Ireland and turkey with roughly 4 cups per person.
Around 6 billion pounds of tea get produced every year. You need 5 lbs of leaves for 1 pound of consumption ready tea. That means 30billion pounds got hand picked through out the world.
Tea got first imported into Europe in the 17th century.
The pioneers that brought tea to Europe were mostly from Holland but also partly from Portugal. The Portuguese were the ones in Europe first written about tea and through the marriage of a Britain King named Karl II. with a Portuguese infanta named Katharina von Braganza which loved tea, it got viral in Britain. Katharina asked Karl if they could drink a cup tea together, but Karl said they don´t drink tea in England. But that was no option for Katharina, so she let import tea from India to her while she was in England. That’s how she brought the tea culture to England.
Because of the low durability of the tea leaves all the steps have to be done on the tea Plantage or in a short time span after harvest. First of all the leaves get picked this step involves hand work. Afterwards, it depends on which fermentation process you choose on what happens with the leaves. So factors that influence the fermentation are heat, moisture and oxidation.
For a successful Fermentation at the beginning, the temperature is around 22 degrees later the temperature raises steady be careful that the temperature doesn’t exceed 30 degrees. Temperatures shouldnt be greater than these average temperature measurements , it just isn’t essential.
We are referring the whole time to tea, but the tea plant has a own name. “Camellia Sinensis” is the name of the tea plant. Only tea from the Camellia sinensis plant is real tea. The camellia sinensis has different variants like the oolong, black, green and white tea.
Many plants grown in western countries are clones from China.
Kenia, Indonesia, Vietnam, China Tea cultivation is a business in many Chinese households is the tea cultivation process still made by hand.
Tea is a cultural asset around the world. It’s even kinda like a like a philosophy of living. “Tea to every meal” is a known sentence. Tea is adaptable to its environment and the virtues of the people around it. Examples are the added sugar to white tea or the added sugar to the black cay tea. More famous in Britain many drink their tea with milk.
Some say to cool down the cup others to neutralize the bitter taste.
In the turkey on the other side it is an offense if you even ask for milk in your tea as milk falsifies the taste. In north Germany, they add cream to their tea and even things on top of the cream. But that’s only usual in the north, in the middle and the south it’s more usual to drink the tea pure. In Russia, it is usual to add jam (gelee, confiture) to your tea. You see the different cultural characteristics of tea?
First of all Coffeehouses were the first retailers of tea in Europe. They started publishing the imported crop in Britain. The first tea seller was Thomas Garway, the owner of a coffee shop called Twinings in the Exchange Alley ( An alleyway of shops which is known for its coffeehouses) he sold his imported tea in dry or liquid form.
Soon London became the city of tea in Britain. So other coffee shops got attracted to the idea around 500 coffee shops of the more than 2000 existing ones back in the days began to sell tea in their coffee houses which were named penny universities as you could get a coffee for a penny.
Black tea is the most popular and famous out of the variations around the world. No matter if Darjeeling, Assam or Earl Grey. Through its waking up effect almost as the one of coffee it´s often used as a stimulant in the morning. On some black teas, the caffeine content is nearly as high as on coffee. But if black tea brews 4-5 minutes it can lose close to everything of its caffeine. Some examples for the black tea are the robust and spicy Assam. The more gentle and relaxed Darjeeling or the fruity breathed Ceylon.
Green tea has a good reputation for being healthy and it’s supportive effect on weight loss. Many people say that the best green tea comes from Japan, but that’s ofcourse most likely a matter of taste. By the way, let me know if you have a favorite tea from a special area? Green Tea has a stimulative effect on the Metabolism. That’s why it has such good for losing weight . Through the high content of bitter substances, your hunger and craving for sweet foods get suppressed pretty good. Green tea also lowers Ldl (low-density lipoprotein) those are the bad ones that block the blood flow and transportation of essential substances in the body. Tea has a diverse assortment alone green tea has more than 1500 sorts. The most famous are Sencha, Bancha, Kabusecha, Tamaryokucha, Tencha and Gyokuro.
Oolong tea can taste similar too black tea. Furthermore even like green tea because the fermetation is the same . The origin of oolong tea is in China in the province of Fujitora. Oolong contains next to no bitterness. The flavor, color, and aroma of oolong tea depends on the cultivator and his methods , growing environment, time of harvest and the level of oxidation during the time picking the leaves.
The floral flavors of the white tea by itself are gentle. So the addition of milk isn´t usual. More standard is the addition of sugar. But most often white tea is drunk pure. The temperature of the brew water and the brew time is dependent on the tea.
The Matcha tea concentrate
The Matcha tea is a concentrated green tea not a brew. Its origin is in Japan and Matcha consists of Green tea leaves. That means Matcha is a concentrate form of green tea. Matcha is healthy and known as a stimulant it also contains polyphenols and catechins. Through the real ingredients, matcha has a positive effect on the metabolism. For example on people with hormone disorders, matcha is a treatment agent.
It seems like the light green drink gains more and more in popularity. Therefore it´s even some sort of mainstream superfood many fans use the Pulver concentrate to bake and cook. A professional matcha farmer yields about 10kg a day depending on the season which gets grounded into around 2kg of Pulver. You could put matcha in the „ superfood” categories. But the real power of this extract shows when combined with an overall good nutrition. A goal for the Farmers is Harvesting high yields from the plants; so the matcha plants get tied with a net or bamboo mats.
From the end of February to the end of April the first flush is harvested. The aroma of the first flush is soft, fresh and flowery. The color in the cup is gold-yellow because of the harvest time, and Tea connoisseurs appreciate the sweet taste. The tea is one of the first ones imported or harvested in the year.
The Second flush harvest time is the end of may at the beginning of June until the end of July. At this time the tea bushes are in full growth and unfold their full flavor. The second flush has a deeper and powerful color in the cup as the first flush. The aroma is intenser more powerful and sophisticated. Tea connoisseurs appreciate the second flush for its taste nuances.
Besides the first and second flush, there is another term under experts called autumnal. The harvest time for it is from mid-October to mid-December. The color of the tea in the cup is gold-yellow. The flavor isn’t as complex as the first or second flush. Autumnals have next to no tannins. The tea has a light taste compared to its dark color.
A correcter term for Herbal tea is tisane. The tisane can come from all over the world. It can be made from various herbs or just from one. The main thing is that tisanes don’t originate from the camellia sinensis. Tisane means “herb infusion” in French. Some examples are Fruit teas; Rooibos, Mate and other herb teas. Rooibos got introduced as a substitute for black tea. During World War II, all supplies of Japanese and Chinese teas suddenly became unavailable. Then the rooibos tea which is a herbal tea and doesn´t come from the Camellia sinensis appeared as an alternative. The primary destination from the rooibos is South Africa.
Soon the state tried to cut some profit like always. When they see an opportunity to tax a commodity of an arising market they use their chance. The high taxation caused an increase of tea smuggling with tactics that are familiar with the illicit trafficking of drugs. There was also another similarity to Drug selling. The people began to add other substances like similar looking plants to the tea to increase profit margins because of increased weight.
Difference lies in the fermentation
The fermentation process most noteworthy differs green tea, black tea, oolong tea and white tea. Green tea gets non-fermented or lightly fermented. The fermentation process usually works either through pan frying or steaming the leaves before they are completely dried out. Green tea gets treated with heat to deactivate the enzymes. The white tea gets fermented very lightly like the green tea. The oolong tea is a semi-fermentation tea; its fermentation rate is around 50-80%. That’s pretty high, but it gets stronger black tea is a fully fermented tea. Fermentation is the oxidization of the plant after exposing it to air which results in a drying of the plant. Finally through heat, the cell pores close, and the plant substances are in a trap, in the leaves.
Influence on the caffeine content of the tea through fermentation.
The fermentation process can change the caffeine content. You can say as long the leaves are fermenting the higher the caffeine percentage probably is. As a result Young leaves have more caffeine than older equivalent leaves. Another factor that can influence the caffeine content is the place of growth. The best place for a caffeine rich tea plant is on a high place like a mountain with a lot of shadows.
Dust and buds
First of all when you talk about tea, the dust is the part of the tea harvest which is over and has no real value for the tea processing. The buds are the important part which eventually lands in your cup with or without fermentation. Let me ask you do you drink your tea in a tea bag or straight form ?
Polyphenols & Catechins
Polyphenols are secondary plant substances which are in the camellia sinensis plant. Various Studies claim that cell growth of cancer cells are partly stoppable through the consumption of polyphenols. But those studies were done on mice, so there is no evidence that this also the case in humans.
About the catechins are a lot of talks they are called flavonols or better known as bitter substances. They are primarily in the Matcha tea and the green tea. Up to 40% of the dry mass from this tea consists of catechins. Together with the tannins, they count to the polyphenols which protect the camellia sinensis against diseases and parasites.
Theanine is a particular amino acid which is available in Matcha and other Japanese teas. The effects art reactively and receptive on the body. You could say Theanine is maybe the balance of caffeine even if you get this uplifting effect of caffeine you also get the relaxation of the theanine. But Theanine isn´t researched completely. This essential amino acid is reputed to treat Strokes, Parkinson, and Alzheimer.
Theanine is an amino acid in the camellia sinensis that has a positive influence on the brain. Often theanine which has a good reputation gets confused with teein. But teein is just the old term for caffeine in tea. It gets removed through the time because of the oxidation , as the caffeine in the tea doesn´t differ to the one in the coffee.
Britain used their opium that they have grown in India and sold it to China for all kinds of luxury goods. Tea was one of those.